Taxon: Fraxinus americana L.

Genus: Fraxinus
Section: Melioides
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 316687
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1057. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Mar-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 980 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Dict Gard)
  • Materials: wood (timber fide AH 519)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:228.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hardin, J. W. 1974. Studies of the southeastern United States flora: 4. Oleaceae (Sida) 5:276.
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  • Miller, G. N. 1955. The genus Fraxinus, the ashes, in North America, north of Mexico Mem. Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Sta. 335:30-36.
  • Wallander, E. 2008. Systematics of Fraxinus (Oleaceae) and evolution of dioecy Pl. Syst. Evol. 273:28.
  • Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource). (F Wisconsin)


Check other web resources for Fraxinus americana L. :


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image