Taxon: Fraxinus americana L.

 
Genus: Fraxinus
Section: Melioides
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 316687
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1057. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Mar-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 980 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: shade/shelter ()
  • Materials: wood (timber fide AH 519)
  • Medicines: folklore ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario (s.), Prince Edward Island, Quebec (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska (e.), Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/fram2.htm), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Oleaceae&GenusID=Fraxinus&SpeciesID=americana), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas (e.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:228.
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  4. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  5. Hardin, J. W. 1974. Studies of the southeastern United States flora: 4. Oleaceae (Sida) 5:276.
  6. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  7. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  8. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  9. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  10. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  11. Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  12. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  13. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  14. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  16. Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  17. Miller, G. N. 1955. The genus Fraxinus, the ashes, in North America, north of Mexico Mem. Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Sta. 335:30-36.
  18. Wallander, E. 2008. Systematics of Fraxinus (Oleaceae) and evolution of dioecy Pl. Syst. Evol. 273:28.
  19. Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource). (F Wisconsin)

Check other web resources for Fraxinus americana L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?316687. Accessed 22 May 2018.