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Taxon: Fraxinus americana L.

 
Genus: Fraxinus
Section: Melioides
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 316687
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1057. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1215 (1211 active, 131 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; shade/shelter
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec (s.), Nova Scotia, Ontario (s.), Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska (e.), Illinois, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas (e.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:228.
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  4. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  5. Hardin, J. W. 1974. Studies of the southeastern United States flora: 4. Oleaceae. Sida 5:276.
  6. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  8. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  9. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  10. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  11. Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States
  12. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  13. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  14. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Meyer, F. G. et al. 1994. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States
  17. Miller, G. N. 1955. The genus Fraxinus, the ashes, in North America, north of Mexico. Mem. Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Sta. 335:30-36.
  18. Wallander, E. 2008. Systematics of Fraxinus (Oleaceae) and evolution of dioecy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 273:28.
  19. Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource).
  20. Whittemore, A. T. et al. 2018. Ploidy variation in Fraxinus L. (Oleaceae) of eastern North America: genome size diversity and taxonomy in a suddenly endangered genus. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 179:377-389. DOI: 10.1086/696688 Note: diploid (also tetraploid, pentaploid)
  21. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Oleaceae&GenusID=Fraxinus&SpeciesID=americana target='_blank'
  22. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Fraxinus americana L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?316687. Accessed 21 October 2019.