Taxon: Trianthema portulacastrum L.

 
Genus: Trianthema
Family: Aizoaceae
  Subfamily: Sesuvioideae
Nomen number: 316925
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:223. 1753
Comment: species epithet published as a noun and retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Melbourne ICN Art. 23.5)
Name Verified on: 05-Apr-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide F NAmer, host of beet leafhopper)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; L Belize NY)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Congo
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Guangdong, - Hainan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri, - Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New Jersey
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Bahia, - Pernambuco, - Rio Grande do Norte
    • Caribbean: Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

    • :
  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Israel
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. 1978- (F Veracruz)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Hartmann, H. E. K., ed. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Aizoaceae A-E & Aizoaceae F-Z. 2001 (Ill Hdb Succ Pl Aizo) F-Z:335.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. 1996- (F Arabia)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wiggins, I. L. Flora of Baja California. 1980 (F Baja)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Trianthema portulacastrum L. :