Taxon: Pelargonium graveolens L'Her.

Genus: Pelargonium
    Section: Pelargonium
Family: Geraniaceae
Nomen number: 317549
Place of publication: W. Aiton, Hort. kew. 2:423. 1789
  • • [plants cultivated under this name differ from wild plants and may be of hybrid origin]
  • • for authorship see comments in J. S. African Bot. 45:377-380. 1979
Name Verified on: 27-Aug-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-May-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Materials: essential oils (used in perfumery fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Cape Province, - Transvaal

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Demarne, F. E. & J. J. A. van der Walt 1989. Origin of the rose-scented Pelargonium cultivar grown on Réunion Island S. African J. Bot. 55:184-191.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1963. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb) 2(1):147, 149.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Miller, D. Pelargoniums; a gardener's guide to the species and their hybrids and cultivars. 1996 (Pelargoniums) 103-104.
  • Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants (Pl Res SEAs) 19:143.
  • van der Walt, J. J. A. 1985. A taxonomic revision of the type section of Pelargonium L'Hérit. (Geraniaceae) (Bothalia) 15:364.
  • van der Walt, J. J. A. & P. J. Vorster Pelargoniums of southern Africa, vol. 3. 1988 (Pelargonium SAfr3)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Pelargonium graveolens L'Her. :