Taxon: Secale cereale L.

 
Genus: Secale
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Pooideae
      Tribe: Triticeae
Nomen number: 317600
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:84. 1753
Name Verified on: 11-Sep-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Sep-1994
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 393 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • rye  (Source: AH 505) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: progenitor of triticale (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 58:7. 2011)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of wheat (based on crossability barriers with wheat fide Theor Appl Genet 85:679. 1993)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al.; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Chikmawati, T. et al. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships among Secale species revealed by amplified fragment length polymorphisms (Genome) 48:792-801.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Devos, K. M. et al. 1993. Chromosomal rearrangements in the rye genome relative to that of wheat Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:673-680.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hammer, K. et al. 1987. Vorarbeiten zur monographischen Darstellung von Wildpflanzensortimenten: Secale L. (Kulturpflanze) 35:147.
  • Hammer, K. et al. 2011. Taxonomic remarks on Triticum L. and × Triticosecale Wittm. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:3-10.
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kobyljanskij, V. D. 1983. Phylogeny of the genus Secale Trudy Prikl. Bot. 79:34.
  • Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae Feddes Repert. 95:504.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:129
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Ren, T. H. et al. 2011. Evolutionary trends of microsatellites during the speciation process and phylogenetic relationships within the genus Secale (Genome) 54:316-326.
  • Schlegel, R. H. J. Rye: Genetics, breeding, and cultivation. 2013. CRC Press (Rye Genet Breed Cult)
  • Stutz, H. C. 1972. On the origin of cultivated rye Amer. J. Bot. 59:59-70.
  • Stutz, H. C. 1972. On the origin of cultivated rye Amer. J. Bot. 59:59-70.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Secale cereale L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image