Taxon: Echinochloa esculenta (A. Braun) H. Scholz

Genus: Echinochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Boivinellinae
Nomen number: 317845
Place of publication: Taxon 41:523. 1992
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or E. crus-galli Esculenta Group]
Name Verified on: 01-Dec-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Jan-2017
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Japanese barnyard millet  (Source: Taxon) - English
  • Japanese millet  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • white millet  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • millet Japonais  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • japanische Hirse  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • japanische Hühnerhirse  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • giavone miglio giapponese  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • hie  (Source: Grass Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • capim-arroz  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mijo japonés  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • japansk hönshirs  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • zi sui bai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver ()
  • Human food: cereal (as E. crus-galli subsp. utilis)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Econ Pl Aust, as E. utilis)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Econ Pl Aust, as E. utilis)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (photosensitivity, as Echinochloa utilis)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Northern America

    • North America
  • Southern America

    • South America


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Ishikawa, G. et al. 2013. Molecular characterization of spontaneous and induced mutations in the three homoelogous waxy genes of Japanese barnyard millet [Echinochloa esculenta (A. Braun) H. Scholz] Molec. Breed. 31:69-78.
  • Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Morrone, O. et al. 2012. Phylogeny of the Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae): integrating plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new classification (Cladistics) 28:333-356.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Scholz, H. 1992. Echinochloa esculenta, comb. nov. - the correct name of the Japanese barnyard millet (Gramineae) (Taxon) 41:522-523.
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  • Yabuno, T. 1987. Japanese barnyard millet (Echinochloa utilis, Poaceae) in Japan Econ. Bot. 41:484-493.
  • Yabuno, T. 1962. Cytotaxonomic studies on the two cultivated species and the wild relatives in the genus Echinochloa (Cytologia) 27:296-305.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:220.


Check other web resources for Echinochloa esculenta (A. Braun) H. Scholz :