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Taxon: Brassica rapa L. subsp. oleifera (DC.) Metzg.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 319648
Place of publication: Syst. Beschr. Kohlart. 49. 1833
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or B. rapa Turnip Rape Group]
Name Verified on: 04-Jun-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-May-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 53 (29 active, 24 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (as B. campestris)
  • Fuels:
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (as B. campestris)
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide WorldWeeds 117. 1997, as B. campestris)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, Guadeloupe, Martinique
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s.), Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Nicaragua
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, [Alto Paraguay] Uruguay


    Other (widespread weed, probable origin Eurasia)

References:

  1. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  2. Cheng, B. F. et al. 2001. Low glucosinolate Brassica juncea breeding line revealed to be nullisomic (Genome) 44:738.
  3. Chrungu, B. et al. 1999. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Brassica maurorum and crop brassicas Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:608-613.
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  6. Garg, H. et al. 2007. Hybridizing Brassica rapa with wild crucifers Diplotaxis erucoides and Brassica maurorum (Euphytica) 156:417-424.
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  8. Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 4(1):457.
  9. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  10. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  11. McFerson, J. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  12. Musil, A. F. 1948. Distinguishing species of Brassica by their seeds Misc. Publ. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 643:1-35.
  13. Olsson, G. 1954. Crosses within the campestris group of the genus Brassica Hereditas (Beijing) 40:414.
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  15. Prakash, S. & K. Hinata 1980. Taxonomy, cytogenetics and origin of crop brassicas, a review Opera Bot. 55:12-13.
  16. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  17. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593-600.
  18. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  19. Takuno, S. et al. 2010. Assessment of genetic diversity of accessions in Brassicaceae genetic resources by frequency distribution analysis of S haplotypes Theor. Appl. Genet. 120:1129-1138.
  20. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  21. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  22. University of Idaho 2010. Brassica breeding and research goals
  23. Velasco, L. et al. 1998. Variability for the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in a germplasm collection of the genus Brassica Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:371-382.
  24. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258.
  25. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2008. AFLP-based molecular characterization of Brassica rapa and diversity in Canadian spring turnip rape cultivars Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 6:11-21.
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  27. Young, R. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  28. Zhao, J. et al. 2005. Genetic relationships within Brassica rapa as inferred from AFLP fingerprints Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1301-1314.

Check other web resources for Brassica rapa L. subsp. oleifera (DC.) Metzg. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?319648. Accessed 19 November 2018.