Taxon: Rosmarinus officinalis L.

Genus: Rosmarinus
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Mentheae
Subtribe: Salviinae
Nomen number: 32207
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:23. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 14-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F Int Apico)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Adv Lab Sci 400. 1992)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Cyprus ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Former Yugoslavia ; Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Lawrence, B. M. 1992. Chemical components of Labiatae oils and their exploitation (Adv Lab Sci) 400.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Ortega-Sada, J. L. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos. (F Int Apico)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Rosmarinus officinalis L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image