Taxon: Rubus occidentalis L.

Genus: Rubus
Subgenus: Idaeobatus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Rubeae
Nomen number: 32401
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:493. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 31-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 229 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide Virus Diseases)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide Virus Diseases)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Cornucopia; Hortus 3)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of black raspberry (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 12:363. 2009)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of purple raspberry (fide Pl Breed Rev 32:147. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of red raspberry (based on unilateral incompatibilities in crosses with Rubus idaeus fide Pl Breed Rev 32:147. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of blackberry (based on crossing barriers with blackberry fide Breeders Rubus)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Alice, L. A. & C. S. Campbell 1999. Phylogeny of Rubus (Rosaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer region sequences Amer. J. Bot. 86:81-97.
  • Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown Woody plants of Maryland. 1972 (WPl Mary)
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  • Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. (Atlas Tenn)
  • Clark, J. R. & C. E. Finn 2011. Blackberry breeding and genetics Fruit Veg. Cereal Sci. Biotechnol. 27-43.
  • Converse, R. H., ed. Virus diseases of small fruits. USDA Agriculture Handbook 631. 1987 (Virus Diseases)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Finn, C. et al. 2002. Use of 58 Rubus species in five North American breeding programmes - Breeders news Acta Hort. 585:113.
  • Finn, C. et al. 2001. Breeders experiences with Rubus species (Breeders Rubus)
  • Finn, C. F. & J. F. Hancock 2008. Chapter 12. Raspberries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 359-392.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Graham, J. & M. Woodhead 2009. Chapter 24. Raspberries and blackberries: the genomics of Rubus (Genet Genom Rosaceae) 507-524.
  • Graham, J. & M. Woodhead 2011. Chapter 9. Rubus (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 179-196.
  • Graham, J. et al. 2007. Chapter 9. Raspberry (Genome Map Mol Breed) 4:207-216.
  • Hall, H. K. et al. 2009. Chapter 2. Raspberry breeding and genetics Pl. Breed. Rev. 32:39-353.
  • Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. (F Colo)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. (F New Mex)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. (F WVa)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)
  • Widrlechner, M. P. 1998. The genus Rubus L. in Iowa (Castanea) 63:423.

Check other web resources for Rubus occidentalis L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image