Taxon: Rubus occidentalis L.

 
Genus: Rubus
Subgenus: Idaeobatus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Rubeae
Nomen number: 32401
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:493. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 31-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 230 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases ()
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of black raspberry (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 12:363. 2009)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of purple raspberry (fide Pl Breed Rev 32:147. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of red raspberry (based on unilateral incompatibilities in crosses with Rubus idaeus fide Pl Breed Rev 32:147. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of blackberry (based on crossing barriers with blackberry fide Breeders Rubus)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska (e. & c.), North Dakota (s.e.), Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/rubu-occ.htm), South Dakota (e. & s.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia (n.), Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rosaceae&GenusID=Rubus&SpeciesID=occidentalis), Virginia]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Alice, L. A. & C. S. Campbell 1999. Phylogeny of Rubus (Rosaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer region sequences Amer. J. Bot. 86:81-97.
  3. Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown Woody plants of Maryland. 1972 (WPl Mary)
  4. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  5. Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. (Atlas Tenn)
  6. Clark, J. R. & C. E. Finn 2011. Blackberry breeding and genetics Fruit Veg. Cereal Sci. Biotechnol. 27-43.
  7. Converse, R. H., ed. Virus diseases of small fruits. USDA Agriculture Handbook 631. 1987 (Virus Diseases)
  8. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  9. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  10. Finn, C. et al. 2002. Use of 58 Rubus species in five North American breeding programmes - Breeders news Acta Hort. 585:113.
  11. Finn, C. et al. 2001. Breeders experiences with Rubus species (Breeders Rubus)
  12. Finn, C. F. & J. F. Hancock 2008. Chapter 12. Raspberries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 359-392.
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  15. Graham, J. & M. Woodhead 2009. Chapter 24. Raspberries and blackberries: the genomics of Rubus (Genet Genom Rosaceae) 507-524.
  16. Graham, J. & M. Woodhead 2011. Chapter 9. Rubus (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 179-196.
  17. Graham, J. et al. 2007. Chapter 9. Raspberry (Genome Map Mol Breed) 4:207-216.
  18. Hall, H. K. et al. 2009. Chapter 2. Raspberry breeding and genetics Pl. Breed. Rev. 32:39-353.
  19. Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. (F Colo)
  20. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  21. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  23. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  24. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  25. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. (F New Mex)
  26. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  27. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  28. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  30. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  31. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  32. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  33. Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  34. Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  35. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  36. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. (F WVa)
  37. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  38. Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)
  39. Widrlechner, M. P. 1998. The genus Rubus L. in Iowa (Castanea) 63:423.

Check other web resources for Rubus occidentalis L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?32401. Accessed 23 June 2018.