Taxon: Saccharum spontaneum L.

 
Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 32625
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:183. 1771
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Jul-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 362 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide WorldWeeds 697. 1997)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide WorldWeeds 697. 1997)
  • Environmental: potential for erosion control (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:195. 1992)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:195. 1992)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for sugarcane (fide Pl Sci 165:186. 2003)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for sugarcane (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:145. 1996)
  • Gene sources: early maturity for sugarcane (fide Pl Sci 165:186. 2003)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of sugarcane (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:145. 1996)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi
    • West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso; Ghana; Nigeria
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia
    • China: China - Anhui, - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hainan, - Henan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangsu, - Jiangxi, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang, - Xizang, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Israel; Lebanon
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India - Arunachal Pradesh, - Assam, - Bihar, - Gujarat, - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Karnataka, - Kerala, - Maharashtra, - Manipur, - Meghalaya, - Nagaland, - Orissa, - Tamil Nadu, - Tripura, - Uttar Pradesh, - West Bengal; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Italy - Sicily

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere, incl. Mesoamerica

References:

  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Babu, C. R. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun. 1977 (HF Dehra Dun)
  • Berding, N. & B. T. Roach 1987. Chapter 4. Germplasm collection, maintenance, and use. In: Heinz, D. (ed.). Sugarcane improvement through breeding Developm. Crop Sci. 11:143-210.
  • Berding, N. & B. T. Roach 1987. Chapter 4. Germplasm collection, maintenance, and use. In: Heinz, D. (ed.). Sugarcane improvement through breeding Developm. Crop Sci. 11:143-210.
  • Bhandari, M. M. Flora of the Indian desert. 1978 (F IndDes)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Cordeiro, G. M. et al. 2003. Sugarcane microsatellites for the assessment of genetic diversity in sugarcane germplasm Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 165:181-189.
  • Daniels, J. et al. 1991. The taxonomic status of Saccharum barberi Jeswiet and S. sinense Roxb. (Sugar Cane) 1991:11-16.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Grivet, L. et al. 2004. A review of recent molecular genetics evidence for sugarcane evolution and domestication Ethnobot. Res. Applic. 2:9-17.
  • Grivet, L. et al. 2004. A review of recent molecular genetics evidence for sugarcane evolution and domestication Ethnobot. Res. Applic. 2:9-17.
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hodkinson, T. R. et al. 2002. Phylogenetics of Miscanthus, Saccharum and related genera (Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA and plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacers J. Pl. Res. 115:381-392.
  • Hodkinson, T. R. et al. 2002. Phylogenetics of Miscanthus, Saccharum and related genera (Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA and plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacers J. Pl. Res. 115:381-392.
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Holm, L. et al. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 1997 (WorldWeeds) 697.
  • How, F. C., ed. Flora of Kwangchow. 1956 (F Guangd)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. 1988-1990 (F Saudi ed3)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Mukherjee, S. K. 1954. Revision of the genus Saccharum Linn. Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 8:145.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Price, S. 1957. Cytological studies in Saccharum and allied genera. III. Chromosome numbers in interspecific hybrids Bot. Gaz. 118:146-159.
  • Price, S. 1957. Cytological studies in Saccharum and allied genera. III. Chromosome numbers in interspecific hybrids Bot. Gaz. 118:146-159.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:195.
  • Takahashi, S. et al. 2005. Very close relationship of the chloroplast genomes among Saccharum species Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1523-1529.
  • Takahashi, S. et al. 2005. Very close relationship of the chloroplast genomes among Saccharum species Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1523-1529.
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  • Whalen, M. D. 1991. Taxonomy of Saccharum (Poaceae) (Baileya) 23:112.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)

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