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Taxon: Salix alba L.

 
Genus: Salix
Family: Salicaceae
Nomen number: 32674
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1021. 1753, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV) through conservation of the genus Salix
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 16 (4 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Medicines: source of salicin; source of salicin
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Gansu Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Argus, G. W. 1986. The genus Salix (Salicaceae) in the southeastern United States. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 9:71.
  3. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  4. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Salix+alba&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  14. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  15. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  16. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  18. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Luna, R. K. 1996. Plantation trees. Note: International Book Distributors
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  23. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  26. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  27. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  28. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  29. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  31. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  32. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Salix alba L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Salix alba cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?32674. Accessed 8 December 2019.