Taxon: Salix caprea L.

 
Genus: Salix
Family: Salicaceae
Nomen number: 32695
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1020. 1753
Name Verified on: 29-Oct-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Oct-2002
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F USSR)
  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Proc RS Edinburgh 98:169-182. 1992)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Proc RS Edinburgh 98:169-182. 1992)
  • Gene sources: potential gene source for biomass energy plants (fide V. Pohjonen, Acta FFen 221:16-17. 1991)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide Dye Pl)
  • Materials: wood (fide F USSR)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Heilongjiang, - Jilin, - Liaoning, - Nei Monggol
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Argus, G. W. 1986. The genus Salix (Salicaceae) in the southeastern United States Syst. Bot. Monogr. 9:113.
  • Cannon, J. & M. Cannon Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1994 (Dye Pl)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. 1979 (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Newsholme, C. Willows, the genus Salix. 1992 (Willows)
  • Pohjonen, V. 1991. Selection of species and clones for biomass willow forestry in Finland Acta Forest. Fenn. 221:16-17.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Stott, K. G. 1992. Willows in the service of man. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 98B:176.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Salix caprea L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Salix caprea cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image