Taxon: Salix fragilis L.

 
Genus: Salix
Family: Salicaceae
Nomen number: 32711
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1017. 1753
Comments:
  • • [= S. alba × S. euxina]
  • • a proposal for conservation (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9) on a mainly s.e. European species has failed, but the name has now been typified on a widespread European hybrid
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F USSR)
  • Environmental: erosion control (fide L. N. Goodding, USDA SCS Regional Bull. 65. 1940; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann, as S. ×rubens)
  • Fuels: potential as biomass for energy generation (fide V. Pohjonen, Acta FFen 221:18. 1991)
  • Materials: wood (fide F USSR; Proc RS Edinburgh 98:169-182. 1992; Ency WTimber; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: source of salicin (now replaced by synthetic derivatives fide Proc RS Edinburgh 98:169-182. 1992; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range in Europe obscure

    Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Argus, G. W. 1986. The genus Salix (Salicaceae) in the southeastern United States Syst. Bot. Monogr. 9:78.
  • Barrie, F. R. 2011. Report of the General Committee: 11 (Taxon) 60:1212.
  • Belyaeva, I. 2009. Nomenclature of Salix fragilis L. and a new species, S. euxina (Salicaceae) (Taxon) 58:1344-1348.
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2009. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 60 (Taxon) 58:280.
  • Christensen, K. I. & B. Jonsell 2005. (1698) Proposal to conserve the name Salix fragilis with a conserved type (Salicaceae) (Taxon) 54:555-556.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Pohjonen, V. 1991. Selection of species and clones for biomass willow forestry in Finland Acta Forest. Fenn. 221:18.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Stott, K. G. 1992. Willows in the service of man. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 98B:171.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Salix fragilis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Salix x fragilis cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.