Taxon: Salix viminalis L.

Genus: Salix
Family: Salicaceae
Nomen number: 32783
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1021. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide F USSR)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Willows)
  • Fuels: potential as biomass for energy generation (fide V. Pohjonen, Acta FFen 221:21. 1991)
  • Materials: cane (for basketry fide Willows 13. 1992; Acta ForF 221:21. 1991)

Distributional Range:



  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Croatia ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bacher, W. 1998. Willow (Salix spp.) In: N. El Bassam, Energy plant species. their use and impact on environment and development 279.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Forest Experimental Station, Korea Illustrated woody plants of Korea. (WPl Korea)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  • Killeen, T. J. et al. Guia de arboles de Bolivia. 1993 (Trees Bolivia)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Newsholme, C. Willows, the genus Salix. 1992 (Willows) 13.
  • Newsholme, C. Willows, the genus Salix. 1992 (Willows) 130-131.
  • Pohjonen, V. 1991. Selection of species and clones for biomass willow forestry in Finland Acta Forest. Fenn. 221:22.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)


Check other web resources for Salix viminalis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Salix viminalis cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.