Taxon: Salvadora persica L.

 
Genus: Salvadora
Family: Salvadoraceae
Nomen number: 32819
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:122. 1753
Name Verified on: 07-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 07-Mar-2003
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat (fide Desert ThirdMil)
  • Animal food: fodder (for camels fide F Pak)
  • Medicines: source of chlorhexidine gluconate (for mouthwash fide Herbs Commerce ed2; F Pak; F Palest)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Transvaal
    • West Tropical Africa: Mali; Niger; Nigeria
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Iran; Israel; Jordan; Syria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Alsharhan, A. S. et al., eds. Desertification in the Third Millennium. Proceedings of an International Conference, Dubai, 12-15 February 2000. 2003 (Desert Third Millen)
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cameroun. 1963- (F Cameroun)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. 1995 (L Egypt)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 3:1673.
  • Hooker, J. D. Flora of British India. 1872-1897 (F BritInd)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. 1988-1990 (F Saudi ed3)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. 2009 (Ill L Qatar)
  • Ozenda, P. Flore du Sahara, ed. 2. 1977 (F Sahara)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rao, T. A. & S. Chakraborti 1996. Salvadoraceae (Fasc F India) 22:5-10.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Salvadora persica L. :

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image