Taxon: Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.

Genus: Samanea
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Mimosoideae
      Tribe: Ingeae
Nomen number: 32979
Place of publication: J. Washington Acad. Sci. 6:47. 1916
Name Verified on: 01-May-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Feb-2010
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 20 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry (fide Mem NYBG 74:121. 1996)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Mem NYBG 74:121. 1996)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Mem NYBG 74:121. 1996)
  • Fuels: potential as fuelwood (fide Phytologia 85:106. 1998)
  • Invertebrate food: lac insects (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:224. 1997)
  • Materials: carved material (fide Plantation Trees)
  • Materials: wood (fide Trop Leg)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range in neotropics obscure


  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere in tropics


    . also cult. in tropics


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1981. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Barneby, R. C. & J. W. Grimes 1996. Silk tree, guanacaste, monkey's earring: a generic system for the synandrous Mimosaceae of the Americas. Part I. Abarema, Albizia, and allies Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 74(1):119-121.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  • Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:224-227.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Isely, D. 1973. Leguminosae of the United States: I. Subfamily Mimosoideae Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(1):115.
  • Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. et al. Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. 1964-1974 (Trees PR)
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Luna, R. K. Plantation trees. 1996 (Plantation Trees)
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Nasir, S. M. & M. Athar 1998. Fuelwood as an energy source (Phytologia) 85:106.
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • Nielsen, I. C. 1981. Tribe 5. Ingeae Benth. (Adv Leg Syst) 1:180.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1985. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)


Check other web resources for Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image