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Taxon: Sambucus nigra L.

 
Genus: Sambucus
Family: Viburnaceae
Nomen number: 32994
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:269. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 21 (8 active, 8 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • elder  (Source: F Iraq) - English

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands (La Gomera, Gran Canaria, La Palma, Tenerife)]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (w.), Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec (s.), Nova Scotia, Ontario (s.), Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.), Manitoba (s.e.), British Columbia (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine (e.), Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska (e.), North Dakota (e.), South Dakota (e.), Illinois, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana (w.), Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (s.), Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia (s.), Kentucky, Louisiana (s.), Maryland, Mississippi (s.), North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo León, Sinaloa, Sonora, Baja California (Norte), Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.w.)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized



    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores, Madeira Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Sambucus_nigra/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Black, J. M. 1943-1957. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2.
  5. Bolli, R. 1994. Revision of the genus Sambucus. Diss. Bot. 223:161.
  6. Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray. 1970. Flora of the Australian Capital Territory.
  7. Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa. 1984. Flora of Himachal Pradesh.
  8. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  11. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  12. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Sambucus+nigra&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  17. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  21. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  22. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  23. Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. 1994. Flora of Madeira.
  24. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  25. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  26. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  27. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  28. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  29. Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir
  30. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  32. Valdés, B. et al., eds. 2002. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification
  33. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  34. Welsh, S. L. & G. Moore. 1973. Utah plants
  35. Willis, J. H. 1970-1972. A handbook to plants in Victoria.
  36. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Sambucus nigra L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Sambucus nigra cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?32994. Accessed 5 December 2019.