Taxon: Sambucus nigra L.

Genus: Sambucus
Family: Viburnaceae
Nomen number: 32994
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:269. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Dec-1996
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • elder  (Source: F Iraq) - English

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Spain Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Iraq ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czechoslovakia ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Former Yugoslavia ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sinaloa, Sonora
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia ; Ecuador ; Peru

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores, Madeira Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Central America: Central America

  • Cultivated


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  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  • Black, J. M. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2. (F SAustBlack)
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  • Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray Flora of the Australian Capital Territory. (F AustCapT)
  • Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa Flora of Himachal Pradesh. (F Himachal)
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  • Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. (F VictWillis)


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