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Taxon: Sapindus saponaria L.

 
Genus: Sapindus
Family: Sapindaceae
Subfamily: Sapindoideae
Nomen number: 33090
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:367. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358386
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 18 (3 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • soapberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • soaptree  (Source: F PuertoR) - English
  • southern soapberry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • wing-leaf soapberry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • bois de panama  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • savonnier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Seifenbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • saboeira  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • fruta-de-sabão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • jequiriguaçú  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pau-de-sabão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • sabão-de-macaco  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • sabão-de-soldado  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • sabonete  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • saboneteira  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • jaboncillo  (Source: Dict Gard) - Spanish
  • såpbärsträd  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Materials: chemicals (saponins used as emulsifier & cleanser)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as Sapindus drummondii)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia, South Carolina]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  4. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  5. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  6. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2.
  7. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  8. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  9. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  10. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  11. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  12. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  13. Pittier, H. F. et al. 1945-1947. Catálogo de la flora venezolana.
  14. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  15. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  16. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_28.html target='_blank'
  17. Spichiger, R., ed. 1985-. Flora del Paraguay.
  18. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  19. Standley, P. C. 1920. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721.
  20. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  21. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:884.
  22. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  23. Wunderlin, R. P. et al. 2017. Flora of Florida University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 4:95.

Check other web resources for Sapindus saponaria L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?33090. Accessed 15 September 2019.