Taxon: Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw.

Genus: Sechium
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Tribe: Sicyoeae
Nomen number: 33453
Place of publication: Fl. Ind. occid. 2:1150. 1800
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 17-Feb-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Feb-2005
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fruit & tubers used as vegetable fide Biol Cucurb 141, 333. 1990)
  • Human food: vegetable (fruit & tubers used as vegetable fide Biol Cucurb 141, 333. 1990)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Biol Cucurb 141, 333. 1990)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz

  • Cultivated


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Cadena-Iñiguez, J. et al. 2008. Infraspecific variation of Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. in the state of Veracruz, Mexico Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:835-847.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. (F Veracruz)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Hernandez-Uribe, J. P. et al. 2011. Isolation and characterization of Mexican chayote tuber (Sechium edule Sw.) starch Stärke 63:32-41.
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Lira Saade, R. 1996. Chayote. Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. (Prom Underused Crops) 8:1-58.
  • Lira, R. et al. 2008. The effects of climate change on the geographic distribution of Mexican wild relatives of domesticated Cucurbitaceae Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 56:691?703.
  • Lira, R. et al. 1999. Propuesta de ubicación taxonómica para los chayotes silvestres (Sechium edule, Cucurbitaceae) de México Acta Bot. Mex. 49:47-61.
  • Lira-Saade, R. 1995. Estudios taxonómicos y ecogeográficos de las Cucurbitaceae Latinoamericanas de importancia económica Syst. Ecogeogr. Stud. Crop Genepools 9:128-134, 152-156.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  • Newstrom, L. E. 1990. Origin and evolution of chayote, Sechium edule (Biol Cucurb) 141-149.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:246.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.