Taxon: Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir.

Genus: Sesbania
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Sesbanieae
Nomen number: 33770
Place of publication: Encycl. 7:127. 1806 "Sesban" (C. Persoon, Syn. pl. 2(2):316. 1807)
Name Verified on: 03-Oct-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 26-Sep-2013
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 26 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • scarlet wistaria-tree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • vegetable-hummingbird  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • West Indian-pea  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • agathi  (Source: F TamilC) - India
  • agati  (Source: F Viti) - India

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Environmental: potential as revegetator (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Firewood Cr; Cornucopia)
  • Animal food: forage (grazing fide Firewood Cr)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Materials: fiber (for pulp and paper fide Firewood Cr)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


    . possible origin Indonesia


    . cult. in tropics


  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Barbosa, C. 1994. Contribución al conocimiento de las leguminosas Colombianas. I. La tribu Galegeae (Brown) Torrey & Gray, 1838 sensu lato (Trianea) 5:52.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gillett, J. B. 1963. Sesbania in Africa (excluding Madagascar) and southern Arabia Kew Bull. 17:105.
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kretschmer, A. E. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  • Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses (Pl Res SEAs) 1:85.
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nair, S. M. & M. Athar 1998. Fuelwood as an energy source (Phytologia) 85:106.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. Flora of Suriname. 1932- (F Suriname)
  • Rudd, V. E. 1955. The American species of Aeschynomene Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 32:132.
  • Sachet, M.-H. 1987. The littoral species of Sesbania (Leguminosae) in the South Pacific islands and its relatives Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (or, Sér. 3, Bot.) 9:10.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:196.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)


Check other web resources for Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir. :

  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image