Taxon: Silene gallica L.

 
Genus: Silene
Family: Caryophyllaceae
  Subfamily: Caryophylloideae
      Tribe: Sileneae
Nomen number: 33933
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:417. 1753, nom. cons.
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) against the heterotypic synonyms (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4 & App. IV) Silene anglica L., nom. rej., Silene lusitanica L., nom. rej., & Silene quinquevulnera L., nom. rej.
Name Verified on: 20-Dec-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Hungary
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Malesia: East Timor
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany; Poland; Slovakia
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, - Oregon, - Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Florida, - Louisiana, - North Carolina, - South Carolina
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Hispaniola; Jamaica
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Guatemala
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

References:

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  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Angely, J. A. Flora analitica do Parana. 1965 (L Parana)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Black, J. M. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2. 1943-1957 (F SAustBlack)
  • Bond, P. & P. Goldblatt Plants of the Cape Flora, J. S. African Bot. suppl. vol. 13. 1984 (L Cape)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1997. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 45 (Taxon) 46:324.
  • Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray Flora of the Australian Capital Territory. 1970 (F AustCapT)
  • Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires. 1978 (Man BuenAir)
  • Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. 1965-1970 (F BuenAir)
  • Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa Flora of Himachal Pradesh. 1984 (F Himachal)
  • Chowdhuri, P. K. 1957. Studies in the genus Silene Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22:248, 250.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Greuter, W. 1995. (1147) Proposal to conserve the name Silene gallica L. (Caryophyllaceae) against several synonyms of equal priority (Taxon) 44:102-104.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hegi, G. et al. 1979. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 3. 2:1148.
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
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  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
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  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Silene gallica L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image