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Taxon: Sonchus asper (L.) Hill

 
Genus: Sonchus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Hyoseridinae
Nomen number: 34933
Place of publication: Herb. brit. 1:47. 1769
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 22-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide WorldWeeds 800-801. 1997)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Baja California (Norte)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Guanajuato, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Puebla, Querétaro, Ciudad de México]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama [Chiriquí]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

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  7. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  8. Boulos, L. 1973. Révision systématique du genre Sonchus L. s.l.: 4. Sous-genre: 1. Sonchus. Bot. Not. 126:164-165.
  9. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
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  15. Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279.
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  17. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  18. Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
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  21. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  22. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  23. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  24. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  25. Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  26. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  27. Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York.
  28. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  29. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
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  32. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  33. Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967-. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
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  40. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana. Note: mentions
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  61. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Sonchus asper (L.) Hill :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?34933. Accessed 15 July 2019.