Taxon: Annona squamosa L.

Genus: Annona
Family: Annonaceae
Nomen number: 3503
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:537. 1753
Name Verified on: 13-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Jul-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 80 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Krussmann; Use Pl Dominica)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of cherimoya (fide Food Feed Crops US; Mol Ecol Res 8:317. 2008 citing hybrids with A. cherimola)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of atemoya (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: potential for plant pest control (fide Pl Book)

Distributional Range:


    . probable origin West Indies


    . widely natzd. in tropics


  • Africa

    • : Africa; Mexico; South America
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland
  • Northern America

    • : Africa; Mexico; South America
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • : Africa; Mexico; South America
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Mesoamerica: Central America


  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bolívar-Fernández, N. et al. 2009. Maduración de frutos de saramuyo (Annona squamosa L.) desarrollados en Yucatán, México Agrociencia (Montecillo) 43:133-141.
  • DeFilipps, R. A. Useful plants of the Commonwealth of Dominica, West Indies. 1998 (Use Pl Dominica)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Escribano, P. et al. 2008. Development of 52 new polymorphic SSR markers from cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.): transferability to related taxa and selection of a reduced set for DNA fingerprinting and diversity studies Molec. Ecol. Resources 8:317-321.
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  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
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  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
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  • Maas, P. J. M. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Maas, P. J. M. et al. 1994. Studies in Annonaceae. XXI. Index to species and infraspecific taxa of neotropical Annonaceae (Candollea) 49:409.
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  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
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Check other web resources for Annona squamosa L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image