Taxon: Annona squamosa L.

Genus: Annona
Family: Annonaceae
Nomen number: 3503
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:537. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Mar-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Krussmann; Use Pl Dominica)
  • Gene sources: potential graft stock for atemoya (fide HortScience 41:552. 2006)
  • Gene sources: potential graft stock for cherimoya (fide Trop Fruits 6:137. 2011)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of atemoya (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: potential for plant pest control (fide Pl Book)

Distributional Range:




  • Africa

    • Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Queensland
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • South America
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Central America: Central America


  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bolívar-Fernández, N. et al. 2009. Maduración de frutos de saramuyo (Annona squamosa L.) desarrollados en Yucatán, México Agrociencia (Montecillo) 43:133-141.
  • DeFilipps, R. A. Useful plants of the Commonwealth of Dominica, West Indies. (Use Pl Dominica)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Escribano, P. et al. 2008. Development of 52 new polymorphic SSR markers from cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.): transferability to related taxa and selection of a reduced set for DNA fingerprinting and diversity studies Molec. Ecol. Resources 8:317-321.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Fosberg, F. R. et al. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. (L Micrones)
  • George, A. P. & R. J. Nissen 1987. Propagation of Annona species: a review Sci. Hort. 33:75-86.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Larranaga, N. & J. I. Hormaza 2015. DNA barcoding of perennial fruit tree species of agronomic interest in the genus Annona (Annonaceae) Front. Plant Sci. 6: Art. 589.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. et al. Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. (Trees PR)
  • Maas, P. J. M. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Maas, P. J. M. et al. 1994. Studies in Annonaceae. XXI. Index to species and infraspecific taxa of neotropical Annonaceae (Candollea) 49:409.
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Annona squamosa L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image