Taxon: Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

 
Genus: Sorghum
    Section: Sorghum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 35119
Place of publication: Syn. pl. 1:101. 1805
Comment: Johnsongrass is a product of introgression with S. bicolor
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 148 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Aust Syst Bot 4:603. 1991)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of sorghum (perennial, 2n=40 fide Ann Bot 221, 222. 2005)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.)
  • Weed: (forms weedy hybrids with cultivated sorghum fide Weed CIBA; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Libya
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. in warm-temperate regions, incl. North America

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • de Wet, J. M. J. 1978. Systematics and evolution of Sorghum sect. Sorghum (Gramineae) Amer. J. Bot. 65:478.
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. 1996 (L Noms French ed6)
  • Dillon, S. L. et al. 2004. Sorghum laxiflorum and S. macrospermum, the Australian native species most closely related to the cultivated S. bicolor based on ITS1 and ndhF sequence analysis of 25 Sorghum species Pl. Syst. Evol. 149:233-246.
  • Dillon, S. L. et al. 2004. Sorghum laxiflorum and S. macrospermum, the Australian native species most closely related to the cultivated S. bicolor based on ITS1 and ndhF sequence analysis of 25 Sorghum species Pl. Syst. Evol. 149:233-246.
  • Dillon, S. L. et al. 2007. Sorghum resolved as a distinct genus based on combined ITS1, ndhF and Adh1 analyses Pl. Syst. Evol. 268:29-43.
  • Dillon, S. L. et al. 2007. Sorghum resolved as a distinct genus based on combined ITS1, ndhF and Adh1 analyses Pl. Syst. Evol. 268:29-43.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  • Lazarides, M. et al. 1991. Taxonomy, cytology, and ecology of indigenous Australian sorghums (Sorghum Moench: Andropogoneae: Poaceae) Austral. Syst. Bot. 4:603.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Price, H. J. et al. 2005. Genome evolution in the genus Sorghum Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 95:219-227.
  • Price, H. J. et al. 2005. Genome evolution in the genus Sorghum Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 95:219-227.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rollins, R. C. & I. A. Al-Shehbaz 1986. Weeds of south-west Asia in North America with special reference to the Cruciferae Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 89B:297.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. :

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