Taxon: Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels

Genus: Syzygium
Family: Myrtaceae
  Subfamily: Myrtoideae
      Tribe: Syzygieae
Nomen number: 36128
Place of publication: Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 248:25. 1912
Name Verified on: 18-Sep-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Dec-2005
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Firewood Cr; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Human food: fruit (fide F Ceylon; Cornucopia; Invasive Pl Spec; F TE Afr)
  • Fuels: potential as fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Materials: wood (timber fide Ency WTimber; Plant Trees)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:460. 2004)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range obscure


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Yunnan, - Guangxi
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • : South America; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • : South America; United States
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1981. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon) 2:443-444.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:460.
  • Luna, R. K. Plantation trees. 1996 (Plantation Trees)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:294.
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels :