Taxon: Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels

 
Genus: Syzygium
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Myrtoideae
Tribe: Syzygieae
Nomen number: 36128
Place of publication: Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 248:25. 1912
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 18-Sep-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Fuels: potential as fuelwood ()
  • Materials: wood (timber)
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Weed: ()
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galapagos Islands]
    • South America (tropical)


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1981. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon) 2:443-444.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  11. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  12. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  13. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:460.
  14. Luna, R. K. Plantation trees. (Plantation Trees)
  15. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  17. National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  18. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  20. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  21. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  22. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  23. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:294.
  24. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?36128. Accessed 22 May 2018.