Taxon: Tamarindus indica L.

 
Genus: Tamarindus
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
      Tribe: Detarieae
Nomen number: 36219
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:34. 1753
Name Verified on: 29-Jan-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Jul-1996
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 58 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn; Food Feed Crops US; Bot Mag 14:235-237. 1997)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Bot Mag 14:233. 1997)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Fuels: charcoal (fide Trop Leg; Plant Trees)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_68.html,)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan; Yemen - Socotra
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2005 (L Cabo Verde)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cameroun. 1963- (F Cameroun)
  • Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Tamarind (Lost Crops Afr) 3:149-163.
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Du Puy, D. 1997. The Leguminosae of Madagascar Bot. Mag. 14:235-237.
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):181.
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • León, B. 1995. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • León, B. 2009. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 484.
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  • Luna, R. K. Plantation trees. 1996 (Plantation Trees)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:298.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia. 1995 (PrEcFr)

Check other web resources for Tamarindus indica L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image