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Taxon: Terminalia catappa L.

 
Genus: Terminalia
Family: Combretaceae
Subfamily: Combretoideae
Tribe: Combreteae
Subtribe: Terminaliinae
Nomen number: 36334
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 12, 2:674. 1767
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Jun-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 10 (4 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Handb Nuts; F Males) shade/shelter (fide Handb Nuts; F Males)
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: seeds
  • Invertebrate food:
  • Materials: lipids; wood (fide Handb Nuts; F Males) wrapping (leaves used as wrapping paper)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Guangdong Sheng, Yunnan Sheng (s.e.)]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Myanmar, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland (n.), Northern Territory (n.e.)]

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Vanuatu


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. in tropics)

References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  4. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  5. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  6. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  7. Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. 1937-. Conspectus florae angolensis.
  8. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  9. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  10. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. 10:168-171.
  11. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  12. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  13. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  14. Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts CRC Press.
  15. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/T.catappa-tropical-almond.pdf target='_blank' Note: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'i\; http://www.traditionaltree.org/
  16. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  17. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  18. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  19. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Terminalia+catappa&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  20. Gangopadhyay, M. & T. Chakrabarty. 1997. The family Combretaceae of Indian Subcontinent. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21:343.
  21. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 2000. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code) 362.
  22. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  23. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  24. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  25. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  26. Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967-. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  27. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  28. Lemmens, R. H. M. J. et al., eds. 1995. Timber trees: minor commercial timbers. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 5(2):482.
  29. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  30. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  31. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  32. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  33. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  34. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  35. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  36. National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production
  37. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  38. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  39. Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. 1932-. Flora of Suriname.
  40. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  41. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  42. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  43. Srivastav, P. K. et al. 1996. Conservation of Terminalia genetic resources: the principal source of non wood forest products in India. Forest Genet. Resources 24:55.
  44. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  45. Standley, P. C. 1920. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721.
  46. Standley, P. C. 1937-1939. Flora of Costa Rica.
  47. Staten, S. 2006. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  48. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  49. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  50. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Terminalia catappa L. :

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?36334. Accessed 19 September 2019.