Taxon: Terminalia chebula Retz.

Genus: Terminalia
Family: Combretaceae
  Subfamily: Combretoideae
      Tribe: Combreteae
        Subtribe: Terminaliinae
Nomen number: 36335
Place of publication: Observ. bot. 5:31. 1788 ("1789")
Name Verified on: 15-Apr-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Oct-2001
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 11 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Invertebrate food: silkworms (fide Forest Gen Res 24:55. 1996)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (extract from fruits used in many ways fide Edible Nuts)
  • Materials: wood (fide Edible Nuts)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Bhutan; F Pak; J Econ TaxB 21:347. 1997; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Yunnan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Vietnam

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gangopadhyay, M. & T. Chakrabarty 1997. The family Combretaceae of Indian Subcontinent J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21:345.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hooker, J. D. Flora of British India. 1872-1897 (F BritInd)
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Medicinal plants in China: a selection of 150 commonly used species. WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series no. 2. 1989 (Med Pl China)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). 1967- (F Afr Centr)
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Lemmens, R. H. M. J. et al., eds. 1995. Timber trees: minor commercial timbers (Pl Res SEAs) 5(2):483.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts) 334.
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. 1976 (F Hassan)
  • Srivastav, P. K. et al. 1996. Conservation of Terminalia genetic resources: the principal source of non wood forest products in India Forest Genet. Resources 24:55.
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Tirtha, SadaShiva The Ayurveda encyclopedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention, and longevity. 1998 (Ayurveda Ency)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)
  • Yunnan Inst. Bot. & Kunming Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci., eds. Flora yunnanica. 1977- (F Yunnan)

Check other web resources for Terminalia chebula Retz. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.