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Taxon: Terminalia chebula Retz.

 
Genus: Terminalia
Family: Combretaceae
Subfamily: Combretoideae
Tribe: Combreteae
Subtribe: Terminaliinae
Nomen number: 36335
Place of publication: Observ. bot. 5:31. 1788 ("1789")
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Apr-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Invertebrate food: silkworms
  • Materials: wood
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Bhutan; F Pak; J Econ TaxB 21:347. 1997; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Yunnan Sheng (w.)]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  2. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  5. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Terminalia+chebula&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Gangopadhyay, M. & T. Chakrabarty. 1997. The family Combretaceae of Indian Subcontinent. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21:345.
  10. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  11. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  12. Hooker, J. D. 1872-1897. Flora of British India
  13. Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967-. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  14. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  15. Lemmens, R. H. M. J. et al., eds. 1995. Timber trees: minor commercial timbers. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 5(2):483.
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  17. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  19. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  20. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts 334.
  24. Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district.
  25. Srivastav, P. K. et al. 1996. Conservation of Terminalia genetic resources: the principal source of non wood forest products in India. Forest Genet. Resources 24:55.
  26. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  27. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  28. Yunnan Inst. Bot. & Kunming Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci., eds. 1977-. Flora yunnanica.
  29. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Terminalia chebula Retz. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?36335. Accessed 13 October 2019.