Taxon: Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng.

 
Genus: Antidesma
Family: Phyllanthaceae
  Subfamily: Antidesmatoideae
      Tribe: Antidesmateae
        Subtribe: Antidesmatinae
Nomen number: 3639
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 1:826. 1824 ("1825")
Comment: the specific epithet is a noun in apposition and retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Melbourne ICN Art. 23.5)
Name Verified on: 16-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F; Zander ed14)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:78. 1991)
  • Human food: fruit (bitter to some but sweet to others fide Pl Book)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide F Thailand)
  • Materials: wood (timber fide Mabberleys Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F ChinaEng)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Fujian, - Jiangxi, - Guangdong, - Guizhou, - Yunnan, - Guangxi, - Xizang, - Hainan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India - Andhra Pradesh, - Assam, - Kerala, - Meghalaya, - Mizoram, - Nagaland, - Orissa, - Sikkim, - Uttar Pradesh, - West Bengal; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; India - Andaman and Nicobar; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Borneo; Brunei; Christmas Island; Indonesia, - Celebes, - Java, - Lesser Sunda Islands, - Moluccas; Philippines; Singapore
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia - Society Islands

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Indochina
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cuba
    • Central America: Honduras

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Airy Shaw, H. K. 1975. The Euphorbiaceae of Borneo Kew Bull. add. ser., 4:209.
  • Airy Shaw, H. K. 1980. The Euphorbiaceae of New Guinea Kew Bull. add. ser., 8:211.
  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  • Coode, M. J. E. et al., eds. A checklist of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Brunei Darussalam. 1996 (L Brunei)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Hoffmann, P. Antidesma in Malesia and Thailand. 2005 (Gen Antidesma Males)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Mabberley, D. J. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, third edition. 2008 (Mabberleys Pl Book) 53.
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:78.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

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