Taxon: Tilia europaea L.

 
Genus: Tilia
Family: Malvaceae
  Subfamily: Tilioideae
Nomen number: 36679
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:514. 1753
Comment: [= T. cordata? × T. platyphyllos]
Name Verified on: 22-Sep-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Jan-2005
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Krussmann)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Cornucopia)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2, as T. ×vulgaris)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Europe

    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Pigott, C. D. & B. Francis 1995. Nomenclature of the European species of Tilia. I. Tilia europaea L. Kew Bull. 50:135-139.
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Tilia europaea L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Tilia x europaea cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.