Taxon: Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray

 
Genus: Tithonia
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 36733
Place of publication: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 19:5. 1883
Name Verified on: 25-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 9 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide F Panama; Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Weed: (fide F NGalicia; F Panama; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Guerrero, - Michoacan, - Oaxaca, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, - Limpopo; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Guinea; Nigeria; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Mayotte; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Guangdong, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand
    • Malesia: Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland
  • Northern America

    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago - Trinidad; Virgin Islands (British) - Tortola
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Chile - Easter Island
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

    . cult. throughout tropics & subtropics

    Adventive:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Blake, S. F. 1921. Revision of the genus Tithonia Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20:434-435.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Breedlove, D. E., ed. Flora of Chiapas. 1981- (F Chiapas)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. 2008 (L Venez ed2)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). 1967- (F Afr Centr)
  • La Duke, J. C. 1982. Revision of Tithonia (Rhodora) 84:498-501.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Press, J. R. et al. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource). 2000- (L Nepal Online)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Villaseñor, J. L. Manual para la identificacion de las Compositae de la Peninsula de Yucatan y Tabasco. Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden Techn. Rep. no. 4. 1989 (Comp Yucatan)
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray :