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Taxon: Tradescantia virginiana L.

 
Genus: Tradescantia
Family: Commelinaceae
Subfamily: Commelinoideae
Tribe: Tradescantieae
Subtribe: Tradescantiinae
Nomen number: 36812
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:288. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358307
Comment: [horticultural hybrids involving this species are included here]
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 26-Jan-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 6 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • spiderwort  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • Virginia spiderwort  (Source: Glea Cron ed2) - English
  • white spiderwort  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • widow's-tears  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • éphémère de Virginie  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • Garten-Dreimasterblume  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • virginische Dreimasterblume  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • ängstremastarblomma  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas (n.w.?), Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi (n.?), North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (possibly natzd. from cult. in n. part of range)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Angelo, R. & D. E. Boufford. Atlas of the flora of New England (on-line resource).
  3. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  5. Chester, E. W. et al. 1993-1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Faden, R. B. 2000. Commelinaceae. Flora of North America. 22:174, 179-180.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Tradescantia+virginiana&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  13. Townsend, J., ed. South Carolina plant atlas (on-line resource).
  14. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  15. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  16. Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource).
  17. Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  18. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Monocots&FamilyID=Commelinaceae&GenusID=Tradescantia&SpeciesID=virginiana target='_blank'
  19. Yatskievych, G. 1999-. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, revised edition

Check other web resources for Tradescantia virginiana L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?36812. Accessed 23 October 2019.