Taxon: Arachis glabrata Benth.

 
Genus: Arachis
    Section: Rhizomatosae
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Dalbergieae
Nomen number: 3780
Place of publication: Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18:159. 1839
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 17-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 98 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: potential for erosion control (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:46. 1992)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Euphytica 116:187. 2000; Pl Res SEAs 4:46. 1992)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peanut (fide Biol Arachis 7. 1994, based on recognizing species of all sections, except cross-compatible diploids (A or B-genome carriers) of sect. Arachis, as tertiary gene pool of peanut)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Goias, - Mato Grosso, - Mato Grosso do Sul, - Minas Gerais, - Sao Paulo
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Corrientes, - Misiones; Paraguay

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • : United States
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cuba

References:

  • Anderson, B. D. et al. 2015. Ornamental groundcover characteristics of rhizoma peanut (Arachis glabrata Benth.): Shade affects height but not cover (HortScience) 50:952-956.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gimenes, M. A. et al. 2000. Genetic variation and phylogenetic relationships based on REPD analysis in section Caulorrhizae, genus Arachis (Leguninosae) (Euphytica) 116:187-195.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hermann, F. J. 1954. A synopsis of the genus Arachis Agric. Monogr. U.S.D.A. 19:8.
  • Krapovickas, A. & W. C. Gregory 1994. Taxonomía del género Arachis (Leguminosae) (Bonplandia) 8:102-105.
  • Pereira Bravo, J. et al. 2006. Transferability and use of microsatellite markers for the genetic analysis of the germplasm of some Arachis section species of the genus Arachis Genet. Molec. Biol. 29:516-524.
  • Pereira Bravo, J. et al. 2006. Transferability and use of microsatellite markers for the genetic analysis of the germplasm of some Arachis section species of the genus Arachis Genet. Molec. Biol. 29:516-524.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Resslar, P. M. 1980. A review of the nomenclature of the genus Arachis L. (Euphytica) 29:815.
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:46.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Valls, J. F. M. & C. E. Simpson Chapter 1. Taxonomy, natural distribution, and attributes of Arachis (Biol Agron Arachis) 1-18.
  • Valls, J. F. M. et al. 1985. Proceedings of an international workshop on cytogenetics of Arachis. ICRISAT 17.
  • Wang, C. T. et al. 2011. Phylogeny of Arachis based on internal transcribed spacer sequences Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:311-319.
  • Wang, C. T. et al. 2011. Phylogeny of Arachis based on internal transcribed spacer sequences Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:311-319.

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