Taxon: Arachis hypogaea L.

 
Genus: Arachis
    Section: Arachis
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Dalbergieae
Nomen number: 3785
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:741. 1753
Name Verified on: 22-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Dec-2009
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 7947 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat (fide Pl Res SEAs 1:35. 1989)
  • Human food: pulse (fide Pl Res SEAs 1:35. 1989)
  • Animal food: fodder (vegetative residues & pressed seed-cake following oil extraction used fide Pl Res SEAs 1:35. 1989)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide http://news.mongabay.com/2006/0509-biofuels.html,)
  • Materials: lipids (for industrial use, cosmetics fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: birds (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Western Asia: Iraq; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
  • Northern America

    • : United States
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Northern Mariana Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia - Society Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Niue
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Central America: Central America
    • Northern South America: French Guiana
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Peru

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Burow, M. D. et al. 2001. Transmission genetics of chromatin from a synthetic amphidiploid to cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.): broadening the gene pool of a monophyletic polyploid species (Genetics) 159:823-837.
  • Burow, M. D. et al. 2001. Transmission genetics of chromatin from a synthetic amphidiploid to cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.): broadening the gene pool of a monophyletic polyploid species (Genetics) 159:823-837.
  • Burow, M. D. et al. 2009. Molecular biogeographic study of recently described B- and A-genome Arachis species, also providing new insights into the origins of cultivated peanut (Genome) 52:107-109.
  • Burow, M. D. et al. 2009. Molecular biogeographic study of recently described B- and A-genome Arachis species, also providing new insights into the origins of cultivated peanut (Genome) 52:107-109.
  • Butler, R. A. 2006. High oil prices fuel bioenergy push
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Galgaro, L. et al. 1998. Genetic variation between several species of sections Extranervosae, Caulorrhizae, Heteranthae, and Triseminatae (genus Arachis) estimated by DNA polymorphism (Genome) 41:445-454.
  • Galgaro, L. et al. 1998. Genetic variation between several species of sections Extranervosae, Caulorrhizae, Heteranthae, and Triseminatae (genus Arachis) estimated by DNA polymorphism (Genome) 41:445-454.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hermann, F. J. 1954. A synopsis of the genus Arachis Agric. Monogr. U.S.D.A. 19:13.
  • Hilu, K. W. & H. T. Stalker 1995. Genetic relationships between peanut and wild species of Arachis sect. Arachis (Fabaceae): evidence from RAPDs Pl. Syst. Evol. 198:167-178.
  • Hilu, K. W. & H. T. Stalker 1995. Genetic relationships between peanut and wild species of Arachis sect. Arachis (Fabaceae): evidence from RAPDs Pl. Syst. Evol. 198:167-178.
  • International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Johansen, E. L. & B. W. Smith 1956. Arachis hypogaea X A. diogoi. Embryo and seed failure Amer. J. Bot. 43:250-257.
  • Johansen, E. L. & B. W. Smith 1956. Arachis hypogaea X A. diogoi. Embryo and seed failure Amer. J. Bot. 43:250-257.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Krapovickas, A. & V. A. Rigoni 1960. La nomenclatura de las subespecies y variedades de Arachis hypogaea L. Revista Invest. Agríc. 14:221-227.
  • Krapovickas, A. & W. C. Gregory 1994. Taxonomía del género Arachis (Leguminosae) (Bonplandia) 8:147-151.
  • Krapovickas, A. & W. C. Gregory 1994. Taxonomía del género Arachis (Leguminosae) (Bonplandia) 8:147-151.
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses (Pl Res SEAs) 1:35.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:78
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Raina, S. N. et al. 2001. RAPD and ISSR fingerprints as useful genetic markers for analysis of genetic diversity, varietal identification, and phylogenetic relationships in peanut (Arachis hypogaea) cultivars and wild species (Genome) 44:763-772.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Resslar, P. M. 1980. A review of the nomenclature of the genus Arachis L. (Euphytica) 29:815.
  • Subramanian, V. et al. 2000. Identification of DNA polymorphism in cultivated groundnut using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) assay (Genome) 43:656-660.
  • Subramanian, V. et al. 2000. Identification of DNA polymorphism in cultivated groundnut using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) assay (Genome) 43:656-660.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Arachis hypogaea L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image