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Taxon: Valeriana officinalis L.

 
Genus: Valeriana
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Subfamily: Valerianoideae
Nomen number: 400139
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:31. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Valeriana officinalis auct. (= Valeriana fauriei Briq.)
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 28-Aug-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • common valerian  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • garden-heliotrope  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • valerian  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • valériane officinale  (Source: Zander Ency) - French
  • echter Arznei-Baldrian  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • läkevänderot  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • xie cao  (Source: F China) - Transcribed Chinese
  • valeriana lekarstvennaâ  (Source: F Baltic) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kurile Islands (s.), Primorye, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China (n.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (incl. arctic region)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  3. Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. 2009. Connecticut invasive plants list. URL: ftp://ftp-fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/CT/invasives/WordInvasivesListCommonNameW-Authors4PDF.pdf target='_blank'
  4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. 10:426-427.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Valeriana+officinalis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977-. Flora intramongolica.
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Jarvis, C. 2007. Order out of chaos: Linnean plant names and their types
  13. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  15. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  16. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  19. National Plant Board. 2008-. National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries URL: http://nationalplantboard.org/docs/summaries/connecticut.pdf target='_blank'
  20. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Valeriana officinalis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?400139. Accessed 19 July 2019.