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Taxon: Cymbalaria muralis G. Gaertn. et al.

Genus: Cymbalaria
Family: Plantaginaceae
Tribe: Antirrhineae
Nomen number: 400188
Place of publication: Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 2:397. 1800
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 03-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • coliseum-ivy  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • ivy-leaf-toadflax  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Kenilworth-ivy  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • mother-of-thousands  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • Oxford-ivy  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • pennywort  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • wandering-sailor  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • Kenilworth-ivy  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • ruine de Rome  (Source: Pl Book) - French
  • cymbalaire des murs  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Mauer-Zimbelkraut  (Source: Pl Book) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental

Distributional Range:


    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Switzerland
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy (incl. Sicily), Montenegro, Slovenia

    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)


  1. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 222.
  2. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Cymbalaria+muralis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  4. Foreman, D. B. & N. G. Walsh. 1993-. Flora of Victoria.
  5. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  6. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  7. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  8. Sutton, D. A. 1988. A revision of the tribe Antirrhineae 159-162.
  9. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1972. Flora europaea. 3:237.
  10. Valdés, B. et al., eds. 2002. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification
  11. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/scrophulariaceae/cymbalaria-muralis/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  12. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Cymbalaria muralis G. Gaertn. et al. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Flower: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?400188. Accessed 13 August 2020.