Taxon: Boerhavia diffusa L.

 
Genus: Boerhavia
Family: Nyctaginaceae
      Tribe: Nyctagineae
Nomen number: 400189
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:3. 1753, nom. cons.
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • red spiderling  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • spreading hogweed  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • tarvine  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • ipecacuanha de Cayenne  (Source: F Guianas) - French (French Guiana)
  • punarnava  (Source: Dict Rehm) - India
  • agarra-pinto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • amarra-pinto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • celidônia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pega-pinto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • hierba de cabro  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • huang xi xin  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (for eggplant fide WorldWeeds 111. 1997)
  • Animal food: fodder (included in "Livol" which promotes growth in calves fide Pashudhan 12(2):4. 1997)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; F ChinaEng)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia; Yemen - Socotra
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, - Gauteng, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga, - Northern Cape; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Rwanda
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
    • China: China - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hainan, - Sichuan, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, - Georgia, - South Carolina
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Bahamas; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Haiti; Jamaica; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles - Saba; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd.

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. 1996 (F St John)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2005 (L Cabo Verde)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2000. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 49 (Taxon) 49:276-277.
  • Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. 1971- (F CostaR)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah Flora of Egypt. 1980- (F Egypt Cairo)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. 1978- (F Veracruz)
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. 1986- (F Guianas)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Holm, L. et al. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 1997 (WorldWeeds) 111.
  • Howard, R. 1988. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt) 4:177.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. 1996- (F Arabia)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. 1984 (F Cayman)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Tirtha, SadaShiva The Ayurveda encyclopedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention, and longevity. 1998 (Ayurveda Ency)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Wheeler, G. E. 1997. Evaluation of livol as a feed ingredient for optimizing liver function and growth in veal calves Indian J. Indig. Med. 10:27-30.
  • Whitehouse, C. 1998. (1375) Proposal to conserve the name Boerhavia diffusa (Nyctaginaceae) with a conserved type (Taxon) 47:873-874.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

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