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Taxon: Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch

 
Genus: Carya
Section: Apocarya
Family: Juglandaceae
Nomen number: 400196
Place of publication: Dendrologie 1:597. 1869
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 04-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 18-Oct-1995
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 33 (30 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • bitternut  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • bitternut hickory  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • pignut  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • pignut hickory  (Source: F Tex) - English
  • swamp hickory  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • bittere Hickorynuß  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Bitternuß  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • bitternötshickory  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Fuels: charcoal (for smoking meats fide AH 519); fuelwood (for smoking meats fide AH 519)
  • Materials: wood (planted for timber in Germany); wood (planted for timber in Germany)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (s.), Quebec (s.w.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire (s.w.), New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota (s.e.), Missouri, Nebraska (e.), Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/caco15.htm), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.w.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Juglandaceae&GenusID=Carya&SpeciesID=cordiformis), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated

    Europe
    • Europe


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Clewell, A. F. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. 1985 (F FlaPan)
  3. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  5. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  6. Grauke, L. J. & M. A. Mendoza-Herrera 2012. Population structure in the genus Carya Acta Hort. 948:143-158.
  7. Grauke, L. J. et al. 2010. Plastid microsatellite markers in Carya Acta Hort. 859:237-246.
  8. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  9. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  11. Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  12. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  13. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  14. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  16. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  17. Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  18. Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  19. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  20. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  21. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  22. Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)
  23. Zhang, J.-B. et al. 2013. Integrated fossil and molecular data reveal the biogeographic diversification of the Eastern Asian-Eastern North American disjunct hickory genus (Carya Nutt.) (PloS One) 8: e70449.

Check other web resources for Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?400196. Accessed 16 December 2018.