Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch

 
Genus: Carya
Section: Apocarya
Family: Juglandaceae
Nomen number: 400196
Place of publication: Dendrologie 1:597. 1869
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 04-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 33 (30 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • bitternut  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • bitternut hickory  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • pignut  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • pignut hickory  (Source: F Tex) - English
  • swamp hickory  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • bittere Hickorynuß  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Bitternuß  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • bitternötshickory  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Fuels: charcoal (for smoking meats) fuelwood (for smoking meats)
  • Materials: wood (planted for timber in Germany) wood (planted for timber in Germany)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec (s.w.), Ontario (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire (s.w.), New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota (s.e.), Missouri, Nebraska (e.), Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.w.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated

    Europe
    • Europe


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle
  3. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  5. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  6. Grauke, L. J. & M. A. Mendoza-Herrera. 2012. Population structure in the genus Carya. Acta Hort. 948:143-158.
  7. Grauke, L. J. et al. 2010. Plastid microsatellite markers in Carya. Acta Hort. 859:237-246.
  8. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  9. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  11. Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States
  12. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  13. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  14. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  16. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  17. Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  18. Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas
  19. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  20. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  21. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  22. Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  23. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Juglandaceae&GenusID=Carya&SpeciesID=cordiformis target='_blank'
  24. Zhang, J.-B. et al. 2013. Integrated fossil and molecular data reveal the biogeographic diversification of the Eastern Asian-Eastern North American disjunct hickory genus (Carya Nutt.). PLoS One 8:e70449.
  25. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?400196. Accessed 23 August 2019.