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Taxon: Euphorbia tirucalli L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 400211
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:452. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 04-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Econ Pl Aust) mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Rwanda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, South Africa [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Airy Shaw, A. K. 1972. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam. Kew Bull. 26:267.
  2. Airy Shaw, A. K. 1982. The Euphorbiaceae of Central Malesia (Celebes, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Is.). Kew Bull. 37:20.
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty. 2007. The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography
  5. CITES. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource).
  6. Cremers, G. 1984. Les euphorbes coralliformes de Madagascar. Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 54:62-64.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Eggli, U., ed. 2002. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Dicotyledons
  9. Eggli, U. 1994. Sukkulenten Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Company.
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Euphorbia+tirucalli&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  13. Horvath, D. 2011. Euphorbia. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, plantation and ornamental crops 7:125-132.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  16. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  17. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  20. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  22. Oudejans, R. C. H. M. 1990. World catalogue of species names published in the tribe Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) with their geographical distribution
  23. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):271.
  24. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  25. Reitz, R., ed. 1988. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 382-384. Note: cultivated
  26. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  27. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.

Check other web resources for Euphorbia tirucalli L. :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?400211. Accessed 7 April 2020.