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Taxon: Euphorbia tirucalli L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 400211
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:452. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 04-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 2 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Econ Pl Aust); mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Rwanda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal, Cape Province]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Airy Shaw, A. K. 1972. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam Kew Bull. 26:267.
  2. Airy Shaw, A. K. 1982. The Euphorbiaceae of Central Malesia (Celebes, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Is.) Kew Bull. 37:20.
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography (Euphorb India)
  5. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  6. Cremers, G. 1984. Les euphorbes coralliformes de Madagascar Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 54:62-64.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Eggli, U. Sukkulenten (Sukkulenten)
  9. Eggli, U., ed. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Dicotyledons (Ill Hdb Succ Pl Dic)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen (Zander Ency)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (L Euphorb)
  13. Horvath, D. Euphorbia (Wild Crop Rel Pl Orn) 7:125-132.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening (Dict Gard)
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  16. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  17. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants (Lampe & McCann)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  20. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  22. Oudejans, R. C. H. M. World catalogue of species names published in the tribe Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) with their geographical distribution (L Euphorbieae)
  23. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):271,
  24. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants (Dict Rehm)
  25. Reitz, R., ed. 1988. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin) 382-384.
  26. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  27. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia tirucalli L. :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?400211. Accessed 26 April 2019.