Taxon: Euphorbia tirucalli L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
  Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
      Tribe: Euphorbieae
        Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 400211
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:452. 1753
Name Verified on: 04-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):271. 1999)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Materials: latex/rubber (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):271. 1999)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):271. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: fish (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):271. 1999)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Cape Province, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Transvaal; Swaziland
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Rwanda
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Airy Shaw, A. K. 1972. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam Kew Bull. 26:267.
  • Airy Shaw, A. K. 1982. The Euphorbiaceae of Central Malesia (Celebes, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Is.) Kew Bull. 37:20.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  • CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  • Cremers, G. 1984. Les euphorbes coralliformes de Madagascar Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 54:62-64.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Eggli, U. Sukkulenten. 1994 (Sukkulenten)
  • Eggli, U., ed. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Dicotyledons. 2002 (Ill Hdb Succ Pl Dic)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Horvath, D. Euphorbia (Wild Crop Rel Pl Orn) 7:125-132.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Oudejans, R. C. H. M. World catalogue of species names published in the tribe Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) with their geographical distribution. 1990 (L Euphorbieae)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):271,
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reitz, R., ed. 1988. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin) 382-384.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Euphorbia tirucalli L. :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.