Taxon: Euphorbia tirucalli L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 400211
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:452. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 04-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):271. 1999)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Materials: latex/rubber (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):271. 1999)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):271. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: fish (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):271. 1999)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Rwanda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa, [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Airy Shaw, A. K. 1972. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam Kew Bull. 26:267.
  2. Airy Shaw, A. K. 1982. The Euphorbiaceae of Central Malesia (Celebes, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Is.) Kew Bull. 37:20.
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  5. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  6. Cremers, G. 1984. Les euphorbes coralliformes de Madagascar Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 54:62-64.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Eggli, U. Sukkulenten. 1994 (Sukkulenten)
  9. Eggli, U., ed. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Dicotyledons. 2002 (Ill Hdb Succ Pl Dic)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  13. Horvath, D. Euphorbia (Wild Crop Rel Pl Orn) 7:125-132.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  16. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  17. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  20. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  22. Oudejans, R. C. H. M. World catalogue of species names published in the tribe Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) with their geographical distribution. 1990 (L Euphorbieae)
  23. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):271,
  24. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  25. Reitz, R., ed. 1988. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin) 382-384.
  26. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  27. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia tirucalli L. :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?400211. Accessed 21 May 2018.