Taxon: Allium ampeloprasum L. var. ampeloprasum

 
Genus: Allium
  Subgenus: Allium
    Section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae
  Subfamily: Allioideae
      Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 400394
Comment: [or A. ampeloprasum Great-headed Garlic Group]
Name Verified on: 24-Jun-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Jun-2009
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • great-head garlic  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Levant garlic  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • wild leek  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • ail d'orient  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Ackerknoblauch  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Sommerlauch  (Source: Zander ed17) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Crop Prod Sci Hort 3:11. 1994)
  • Human food: vegetable (only bulbs used fide Food Feed Crops US; Pl Res SEAs 8:62. 1993)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of leek (fide Theor Appl Genet 94:470. 1997)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of garlic (fide Theor Appl Genet 107:1. 2003)
  • Weed: (fide Rev sect Allium 69. 1996)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New York, - Ohio, - West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Indochina
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico; United States
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Chile

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:11.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Figliuolo, G. et al. 2001. Genetic evaluation of cultivated garlic germplasm (Allium sativum L. and A. ampeloprasum L. (Euphytica) 121:325-334.
  • Figliuolo, G. et al. 2001. Genetic evaluation of cultivated garlic germplasm (Allium sativum L. and A. ampeloprasum L. (Euphytica) 121:325-334.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Kik, C. et al. 1997. Mitochondrial DNA variation and crossability of leek (Allium porrum) and its wild relatives from the Allium ampeloprasum complex Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:465-471.
  • Kik, C. et al. 1997. Mitochondrial DNA variation and crossability of leek (Allium porrum) and its wild relatives from the Allium ampeloprasum complex Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:465-471.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mathew, B. A review of Allium sect. Allium. 1996 (Rev sect Allium)
  • Mathew, B. A review of Allium sect. Allium. 1996 (Rev sect Allium)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Yanagino, T. et al. 2003. Production and characterization of an interspecific hybrid between leek and garlic Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1-5.

Check other web resources for Allium ampeloprasum L. var. ampeloprasum :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.