Taxon: Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.) Reveal & M. C. Johnst.

Genus: Phoradendron
Family: Viscaceae
Nomen number: 400661
Place of publication: Taxon 38:107. 1989
Link to protologue:
  • • [a pending conservation proposal, if adopted, would make P. serotinum the correct name for this species]
  • • not homonym of P. leucocarpum Pacz. (1911)
  • • the basionym Viscum leucarpum Raf. was proposed for rejection (nom. rej. prop.) against the heterotypic synonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4) V. serotinum Raf., nom. cons. prop.
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (Christmas decorations fide Mabberleys Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as P. flavescens; Lampe & McCann, as P. tomentosum)
  • Social: religious/secular (kissing may occur under this plant around the December holidays fide Mabberleys Pl Book)
  • Weed: parasite (fide Castanea 61:277. 1996; Diseas Comp. 1995 on stone fruits, as P. tomentosum)

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma (]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan, Queretaro]

    Cultivated (also cult.)


  1. Abbott, J. R. & R. L. Thompson 2011. New combinations in Phoradendron leucarcum (Viscaceae) J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5:139-141.
  2. Applequist, W. L. 2012. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 64 (Taxon) 61:1110.
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  4. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  5. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  6. Kuijt, J. 2003. Monograph of Phoradendron (Viscaceae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 66:1-643.
  7. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  8. Mabberley, D. J. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, third edition. 2008 (Mabberleys Pl Book) 658.
  9. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  10. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  11. Musselman, L. J. 1996. Parasitic weeds in the Southern United States (Castanea) 61:271-292.
  12. Nickrent, D. L. et al. 2010. (1986) Proposal to conserve the name Viscum serotinum (Phoradendron serotinum) against V. leucarpum (Viscaceae) (Taxon) 59:1903-1904.
  13. Ogawa, J. M. et al., eds. 1995. Compendium of stone fruit diseases (Diseas Comp) 47.
  14. Peck, M. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon. (F Oregon)
  15. Reveal, J. L. & M. C. Johnston 1989. A new combination in Phoradendron (Viscaceae) (Taxon) 38:107-108.
  16. Wiens, D. 1964. Revision of the acataphyllous species of Phoradendron (Brittonia) 16:35-37.

Check other web resources for Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.) Reveal & M. C. Johnst. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 23 May 2018.