Taxon: Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.) Reveal & M. C. Johnst.

Genus: Phoradendron
Family: Viscaceae
Nomen number: 400661
Place of publication: Taxon 38:107. 1989
Link to protologue:
  • • [a pending conservation proposal, if adopted, would make P. serotinum the correct name for this species]
  • • not homonym of P. leucocarpum Pacz. (1911)
  • • the basionym Viscum leucarpum Raf. was proposed for rejection (nom. rej. prop.) against the heterotypic synonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4) V. serotinum Raf., nom. cons. prop.
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (Christmas decorations fide Mabberleys Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as P. flavescens; Lampe & McCann, as P. tomentosum)
  • Social: religious/secular (kissing may occur under this plant around the December holidays fide Mabberleys Pl Book)
  • Weed: parasite (fide Castanea 61:277. 1996; Diseas Comp. 1995 on stone fruits, as P. tomentosum)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Indiana, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Oregon
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan, Queretaro
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada

  • Cultivated


  • Abbott, J. R. & R. L. Thompson 2011. New combinations in Phoradendron leucarcum (Viscaceae) J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5:139-141.
  • Applequist, W. L. 2012. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 64 (Taxon) 61:1110.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Kuijt, J. 2003. Monograph of Phoradendron (Viscaceae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 66:1-643.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, third edition. 2008 (Mabberleys Pl Book) 658.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Musselman, L. J. 1996. Parasitic weeds in the Southern United States (Castanea) 61:271-292.
  • Nickrent, D. L. et al. 2010. (1986) Proposal to conserve the name Viscum serotinum (Phoradendron serotinum) against V. leucarpum (Viscaceae) (Taxon) 59:1903-1904.
  • Ogawa, J. M. et al., eds. 1995. Compendium of stone fruit diseases (Diseas Comp) 47.
  • Peck, M. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon. (F Oregon)
  • Reveal, J. L. & M. C. Johnston 1989. A new combination in Phoradendron (Viscaceae) (Taxon) 38:107-108.
  • Wiens, D. 1964. Revision of the acataphyllous species of Phoradendron (Brittonia) 16:35-37.


Check other web resources for Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.) Reveal & M. C. Johnst. :