Taxon: Urochloa ramosa (L.) T. Q. Nguyen

Genus: Urochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Paniceae
Nomen number: 401370
Place of publication: Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3:13. 1966
Name Verified on: 06-Mar-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-May-2003
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: cereal (fide Econ Bot 54:217-227. 2000, as Brachiaria ramosa)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Grass VarUSA; Food Feed Crops US)
  • Weed: (fide Use Pl WT Afr, as Brachiaria ramosa)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • West Tropical Africa: Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Mauritania; Nigeria; Senegal
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • China: China - Yunnan, - Hainan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Malaysia

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico; United States

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India


  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Kimata, M. et al. 2000. Domestication, cultivation and utilization of two small millets, Brachiaria ramosa and Setaria glauca, Poaceae in South India Econ. Bot. 54:217-227.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. 2007 (Weed CRCAustralia)
  • Veldkamp, J. F. 1996. Brachiaria, Urochloa (Gramineae - Paniceae) in Malesia (Blumea) 41:427.
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 49:139-247.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:633.


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