Taxon: Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) T. Q. Nguyen

 
Genus: Urochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Melinidinae
Nomen number: 401380
Place of publication: Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3:13. 1966
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 06-Mar-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 26-Feb-1998
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • buffalo grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • Dutch grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • giant couch  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • Mauritius grass  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Para grass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Scotch grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • Scottish grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • herbe de Para  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Paragras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • para-gurasu  (Source: F Okin) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • hierba de Pará  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • paraná  (Source: Cavanillesia Alt) - Spanish
  • pasto Pará  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (as Brachiaria mutica)
  • Animal food: fodder (as Brachiaria mutica)
  • Animal food: forage (as Brachiaria mutica)
  • Weed: (fide Weed CIBA, as Brachiaria mutica; Pl Res SEAs 4:64. 1992, as Brachiaria mutica; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam, Marshall Islands
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: American Samoa, Fiji, New Caledonia, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cayman Islands, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands (U.S.) [St. Croix]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador (incl. Galapagos Is.), Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


    Other (probable origin tropical Africa)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  2. Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  4. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  5. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  6. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  7. Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. (F NSWales)
  8. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  9. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  10. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  11. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  12. Morrone, O. & F. O. Zuloaga 1992. Revisión de las especies sudamericanas nativas e introducidas de los géneros Brachiaria y Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) (Darwiniana) 31:88.
  13. Morrone, O. & F. O. Zuloaga 1993. Sinopsis del genero Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) para Mexico y America central (Darwiniana) 32:70.
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  15. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  16. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  17. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:64-65.
  18. Veldkamp, J. F. 1996. Brachiaria, Urochloa (Gramineae - Paniceae) in Malesia (Blumea) 41:424-425.
  19. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  20. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  21. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  22. Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)

Check other web resources for Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) T. Q. Nguyen :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?401380. Accessed 20 May 2018.