Taxon: Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) T. Q. Nguyen

 
Genus: Urochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Paniceae
Nomen number: 401380
Place of publication: Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3:13. 1966
Name Verified on: 06-Mar-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 26-Feb-1998
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 17 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • buffalo grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • Dutch grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • giant couch  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • Mauritius grass  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Para grass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Scotch grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • Scottish grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • herbe de Para  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Paragras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • para-gurasu  (Source: F Okin) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • hierba de Pará  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • paraná  (Source: Cavanillesia Alt) - Spanish
  • pasto Pará  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:64. 1992, as Brachiaria mutica)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:64. 1992, as Brachiaria mutica)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:64. 1992, as Brachiaria mutica)
  • Weed: (fide Weed CIBA, as Brachiaria mutica; Pl Res SEAs 4:64. 1992, as Brachiaria mutica; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . probable origin tropical Africa

    Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; New Caledonia; Tonga
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Cayman Islands; Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. Croix
    • Mesoamerica: Central America; Costa Rica; Honduras; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Colombia

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  • Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  • Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. 1990-1993 (F NSWales)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Morrone, O. & F. O. Zuloaga 1992. Revisión de las especies sudamericanas nativas e introducidas de los géneros Brachiaria y Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) (Darwiniana) 31:88.
  • Morrone, O. & F. O. Zuloaga 1993. Sinopsis del genero Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) para Mexico y America central (Darwiniana) 32:70.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. 2007 (Weed CRCAustralia)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:64-65.
  • Veldkamp, J. F. 1996. Brachiaria, Urochloa (Gramineae - Paniceae) in Malesia (Blumea) 41:424-425.
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)

Synonyms:

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