Taxon: Achyranthes aspera L.

 
Genus: Achyranthes
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 401486
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:204. 1753, nom. cons.
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV) through conservation of the genus Achyranthes
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide WorldWeeds 16. 1997)
  • Environmental: potential as soil improver (as green manure fide Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hainan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangxi, - Sichuan, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Northern Territory, - Queensland, - Western Australia
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Quintana Roo
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Barbados; Dominica; Grenada; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd.

References:

  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1985-2004 (Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Chaudhary, S. A. Weeds of Saudi Arabia and the Arabian Peninsula. 1987 (Weeds Saudi Arabia)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah Flora of Egypt. 1980- (F Egypt Cairo)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. 1986- (F Guianas)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Holm, L. et al. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 1997 (WorldWeeds)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand)
  • Tirtha, SadaShiva The Ayurveda encyclopedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention, and longevity. 1998 (Ayurveda Ency)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van & N. Bunyapraphatsara, eds. 2001. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(2):39-42.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

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