Taxon: Trifolium alexandrinum L.

Genus: Trifolium
  Subgenus: Trifolium
    Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 40161
Place of publication: Cent. pl. I:25. 1755 (Amoen. acad. 4:286. 1759)
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 204 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: forage (grazing fide Leg WorldEc)

Distributional Range:


    . probable origin s.w. Asia


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Israel; Jordan; Lebanon

  • Cultivated:

    • : Europe
  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
    • Malesia: Indonesia
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • : Europe
  • Northern America

    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California


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  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • CIAT/FAO collaboration on tropical forages Grassland Species Profiles (on-line resource). (Grassland Species)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
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  • Kaushal, P. et al. 2005. Trifolium alexandrinum × T. resupinatum - interspecific hybrids developed through embryo rescue Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 83:137-144.
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  • Malaviya, D. R. et al. 2004. Development and characterization of interspecific hybrids of Trifolium alexandrinum × T. apertum using embryo rescue Pl. Breed. (New York) 123:536-542.
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  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
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  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Watson, L. E. et al. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Old World Trifolium (Fabaceae), based on plastid and nuclear markers Pl. Syst. Evol. 224:153-171.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
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  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Trifolium alexandrinum L. :