Taxon: Cyperus iria L.

 
Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
  Subfamily: Cyperoideae
      Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 401631
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Name Verified on: 10-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Dec-2009
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • grasshopper's cyperus  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • rice flat sedge  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • umbrella sedge  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • junça  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • junquinho  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tiririca  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • três-quinas  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Kew Bull 56:296. 2001)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):227. 1999)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Gauteng, - Limpopo, - North West; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Ryukyu Islands, - Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland, - South Australia, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Missouri, - Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - New York, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa, - Sonora
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Colima, - Guerrero, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Tabasco, - Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Pacific

    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia - Society Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Cuba; Puerto Rico; Trinidad and Tobago
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa Flora of Himachal Pradesh. 1984 (F Himachal)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges. 2007 (L Cyperaceae)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye Sedges and rushes of East Africa. 1983 (Sedge EAfr)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. 1990-1993 (F NSWales)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Holttum, R. E. et al. A revised flora of Malaya. 1953-1971 (F Malaya)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4. 1986 (F SAust)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):227.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rye, B. L. 1997. A synopsis of the annual species of Cyperaceae from central and southern Western Australia (Nuytsia) 11:407.
  • Simpson, D. A. & C. A. Inglis 2001. Cyperaceae of economic, ethnobotanical and horticultural importance: a checklist Kew Bull. 56:296.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross Flora of south-eastern Queensland. 1983-1989 (F SE Queensl)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tucker, G. C. 1994. Revision of the Mexican species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43:91.
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Cyperus iria L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.