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Taxon: Trifolium arvense L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 40173
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:769. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 109 (73 active, 50 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • hare-foot clover  (Source: F BritStace) - English
  • hare-foot trefoil  (Source: Clovers) - English
  • rabbit-foot clover  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • stone clover  (Source: F Iraq) - English
  • rabbit-foot clover   - English (Canada)
  • trèfle des champs  (Source: L Noms French ed7) - French
  • trèfle des champs   - French (Canada)
  • shaguma-hagi  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • trevo-de-rato  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • harklöver  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage; forage
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Trifolium_arvense/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 143.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  9. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Trifolium+arvense&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.). 2001. The world of clovers 38.
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  15. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  16. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  17. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  18. Lamont, E.-J. et al. 2001. Chapter 4. Clovers (Trifolium L.). Plant genetic resources of legumes in the Mediterranean Springer, Berlin, Germany. 79-88. Note: this review mentioned that this species is "adapted to infertile, dry, sandy soils"
  19. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  20. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  21. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  24. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  25. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  26. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  27. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  28. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  29. Thulin, M. 1983. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223.
  30. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  32. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  33. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia
  34. Zohary, M. & D. Heller. 1984. The genus Trifolium 439.
  35. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  36. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Trifolium arvense L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?40173. Accessed 20 September 2019.