Taxon: Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott

Genus: Arisaema
Family: Araceae
  Subfamily: Aroideae
      Tribe: Arisaemateae
Nomen number: 4018
Place of publication: H. Schott & S. L. Endlicher, Melet. bot. 17. 1832
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Jul-1999
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Gen Arisaema)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia, - District of Columbia
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). 2002 (L Araceae)
  • Gusman, G. & L. Gusman The genus Arisaema. 2003 (Gen Arisaema)
  • Hara, H. 1971. Flora of eastern Himalaya. v. 1:1966, v. 2:1971, v. 3:1975 (F EHimal) 2:326.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kindscher, K. Medicinal wild plants of the prairie: an ethnobotanical guide. 1992 (Med Wild Pl Prairie)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Arisaema triphyllum cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.