Taxon: Solanum virginianum L.

 
Genus: Solanum
  Subgenus: Leptostemonum
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 401897
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:187. 1753 (Mant. pl. 2:340. 1771, as "virginicum")
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Nov-2010
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: disease resistance for eggplant (fide Solan III:392. 1991)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of eggplant (fide Pl Cell Tissue Cult 65:91-107. 2001)
  • Medicines: potential source of solasodine (fide F ChinaEng; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • China: China - Hubei, - Guangdong, - Sichuan, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia

  • Adventive:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Collonnier, C. et al. 2001. Applications of biotechnology in eggplant Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 65:91-107.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Daunay, M. C. et al. 1991. The use of wild species for the genetic improvement of Brinjal egg-plant and tomato (Solan III) 392.
  • Hepper, F. N. & P. M. L. Jaeger 1986. Name changes for two Old World Solanum species Kew Bull. 41:434.
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. 1936- (F Madag)
  • Knapp, S. & C. E. Jarvis 1990. The typification of the names of New World Solanum species described by Linnaeus Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 104:363.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Tirtha, SadaShiva The Ayurveda encyclopedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention, and longevity. 1998 (Ayurveda Ency)
  • Vorontsova, M. et al. 2013. African spiny Solanum (subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae): a thorny phylogenetic tangle Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172:176-193.
  • Weese, T. L. & L. Bohs 2010. Eggplant origins: out of Africa, into the Orient (Taxon) 59:49-56.
  • Whalen, M. D. 1984. Conspectus of species groups in Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum (Gentes Herbarum) 12:263.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Solanum virginianum L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.