Taxon: Crithmum maritimum L.

 
Genus: Crithmum
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
  Subfamily: Apioideae
      Tribe: Pyramidoptereae
Nomen number: 402237
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:246. 1753
Name Verified on: 25-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide M. G. Pimenov, pers. comm. 1996)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide M. G. Pimenov, pers. comm. 1996; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Netherlands
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Cultivated:

  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • Northern America

    • : United States

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Franke, W. 1982. Vitamine C in Sea Fennel (Crithmum maritimum), an edible wild plant Econ. Bot. 36:163-165.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Pimenov, M. G. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. 1979-1981 (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (SF Egypt)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

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