Taxon: Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx.

Genus: Caulophyllum
Family: Berberidaceae
  Subfamily: Berberidoideae
      Tribe: Leonticeae
Nomen number: 402531
Place of publication: Fl. bor.-amer. 1:205. 1803
Name Verified on: 15-Aug-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Aug-2006
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: beverage base (as a substitute for coffee fide L Edible Pl)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Ontario, - New Brunswick
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia, - District of Columbia
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • American Herbal Products Association Herbs of commerce. 1992 (Herbs Commerce)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. 1955 (F IllJones)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Lyke, J. Appendix D. Medicinal plants native to the United States: indicators of rarity and threat. 2001 (Med Pl Native US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Stearn, W. T. The genus Epimedium and other herbaceous Berberidaceae including the genus Podophyllum. 2002 (Gen Epimedium) 215.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image